Aluminium paste and powder is a granular powder made from pure molten aluminium metal. This powder is made from different milling procedures of the wet balls. The aluminium flakes come from the aluminium powder through the dry ball milling process. It is irregular. Aluminium powders, pastes, and flakes are widely used in the industrial, automotive, chemical, construction, explosives, defence, aerospace, and other industries. Photovoltaic and electronic applications are the main consumers of aluminium pastes

According to the Technavio report, the global market for aluminium powders, pastes, and flakes will grow at a compound annual rate which is very high in quality. The list of these things is very dynamic and subject to change as market conditions change, capacity expansion and downsizing, new market entrants, and divestitures and mergers.

Titanium dioxide is a white inorganic compound that has been used for about 100 years in a large number of different products. It depends on it for its non-toxic, non-reactive, and luminous properties, which safely increase the whiteness and gloss of many materials.

It is the whitest and brightest of the known pigments, with reflective qualities; it can also scatter and absorb ultraviolet rays. When used specifically as a pigment in paints, then it is called Titanium White, Pigment White and it is also identified as perfect white or it is called the whitest white as it possesses the qualities of whitening things in a very effective way. Until the laws changed in the 1920s, most commercial paint manufacturers used highly toxic white lead as bleach and did not initially convert to titanium dioxide, in part because of its higher cost. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is also used as a white pigment, but it is not as effective. Titanium dioxide is one of the most common pigments in use worldwide today and is the basis for most paint colours. It is also found in coatings and plastics. These uses of titanium dioxide represent more than 50% of its global use.

Its high refractive index means that, as a pigment, it is capable of diffusing visible light. This results in a dull colour and creates a glossy, reflective quality when applied to a surface or incorporated into a product. A key example of its use in these applications is as a coating for wind turbines, which provides both a suitable white colour and protection against UV degradation. For the same reasons, it is also found in plastic windows.